Anonymous Artefacts and Revealing Runes, Abstract


The aim of this paper is  to examine a group of runic artefacts dated to the Viking Age (800–1050 AD) from a gender perspective. The analysed material consists of 59 runic artefacts from Scandinavia, which differ in regards to base material, context and content. In the analysis, the material is separated, described and classified into different manageable groups of texts and artefacts. Several case studies are presented in the paper, based on information gathered from the inscriptions as well as the archaeological material. The main issue is whether it is possible to attribute runic artefacts to a specific gender by means of a combination of archaeological and philological methods.

Keywords : gender, Viking Age, Scandinavia, runic inscriptions, grave goods